Below is a list of Top Suggested Resources for
6th8th Grades
Plus, a list of Skills and Concepts
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Language Arts
Reading, English Grammar, Writing and Communication
Suggested Resources:
6^{th} Grade
Language Arts 1  Student Edition
Language Arts 1  Teacher’s Guide
Daily Vocabulary for Middle School
Latin Word Roots  Reference
Advanced Novel Study  Holes
Generic Novel Study Unit Activities  Reading Comprehension
Pride and Prejudice Novel Study
Research Paper  Topic Selection and Thesis Statement Guide
Layered Research Assignment
7^{th} Grade
Language Arts 2  Student Edition
Language Arts 2  Teacher’s Guide
Daily Vocabulary for Middle School (If not completed in 6th grade)
Latin Word Roots  Reference
Daily Grammar for Middle School
Generic Novel Study Unit Activities  Reading Comprehension
The Hobbit – Novel Study
Research Paper  Topic Selection and Thesis Statement Guide
Layered Research Assignment
8^{th} Grade
Language Arts 3  Student Edition
Language Arts 3  Teacher’s Guide
Latin Word Roots  Reference
Daily Grammar for Middle School (If not completed in the 7th grade)
Generic Novel Study Unit Activities  Reading Comprehension
Pride and Prejudice Novel Study
Research Paper  Topic Selection and Thesis Statement Guide
Layered Research Assignment
Additional Resources for Advanced Students:
Poems Teachers Ask For – Volume 1
Poems Teachers Ask For – Volume 2
Literature By Author
6^{th} Grade:
 Uses evidence from the text in order to summarize the plot, make inferences about and analyze the text, and determine the central theme or themes in a text.
 Understands and explains the point of view in a text as well as the significance of certain words and passages in a text.
 Understands and relays the main thesis or claims of a nonfiction text and its supporting evidence.
 Reads and compares different texts and different genres of texts which address the same topics.
 Uses a variety of media and formats, including video and audio, to further enhance his/ her understanding of a topic or text.
 Demonstrate an understanding of conventions within language study: dialects, clauses, phrases
 Demonstrates ability to participate in group discussions expressing the ideas and skills learned.
 Practices a variety of vocabulary skills, including using the context in which a word is found to determine the meaning of words, recognizing roots of words, and using digital and physical reference materials (dictionaries, thesauruses, and glossaries).
 Construct and apply simile/metaphor, idiom, analogy
 Construct and apply structural analysis: root words, affixes, and derivatives.
 Develop an understanding of author’s craft: e.g., irony, foreshadowing, flashback, point of view, etc
 Writes using more complex vocabulary and about more complex content.
 Writes for an extended period of time such as longterm research or writing pieces that may take a week.
 Writes a variety of genres for a variety of audiences.
 Writes structured and wellorganized opinion, research, and informative pieces that:
 Use supporting claims and evidence that are based on credible texts and resources.
 Include an introduction, conclusion, and transitions.
 Integrate other forms of media and formats, such as graphs, charts, headings, and audio or video when appropriate.
 Writes wellstructured narratives (both true and fiction) that include:
 Descriptive detail of characters, settings, and experiences.
 Dialogue.
 A clear structure with a logical order and flow, dialogue, and details and descriptions of characters, setting and experiences, thoughtout word choice, and a conclusion.
 Plans, revises, and edits writing, specifically with guidance from teachers and peers.
 Writes pieces that express the reading skills achieved, including analysis of text, making comparisons and claims, and developing arguments using specific evidence.
 Uses technology and the Internet to produce and publish writing, work with others, and type a minimum of three pages in one sitting.
 Demonstrate oral language by presenting information effectively.
 Identify persuasive techniques.
7^{th} Grade
 Analyzes texts using the text as evidence to support the analysis.
 Makes inferences about texts and uses evidence from the text to support the inferences.
 Understands the message or ideas in a text and uses evidence to support these claims.
 Understands, tracks the progress of, and summarizes the main idea of a text, using evidence from the text.
 Analyzes and explains the relationship between different elements such as character and setting.
 Analyzes the impact of specific language and word choice used in a text.
 Extend understanding through similes, metaphors, idiom, imagery, onomatopoeia, alliteration, personification. Understands how the different structures used in a text, such as poetry or drama, affect the text.
 Compares and contrasts the different perspectives and points of views in a text.
 Determines the author’s point of view in a text using evidence from the text.
 Compares different versions such as a stage version, film, or audio version of a text, paying specific attention to the way in which elements such as lighting, scenery, or audio sounds affect the message of the text.
 Compares a historical account of an event, person, or place with a historical fiction text about the same period.
 Read a variety of texts, including stories, poetry, drama, nonfiction, or informative texts.
 Compares multiple texts written by different authors about the same topic and determines how their different perspectives are presented through their presentation of facts and the inferences they make.
 Writes arguments that present clear reasons and relevant evidence and include:
 Introductions;
 Acknowledgements of opposing claims;
 Logical and orderly presentations of and reasons and evidence;
 The use of appropriate transitions, words, and phrases to connect claims;
 A concluding sentence or paragraph which supports the argument made; and
 A formal tone and style.
 Writes structured and well organized opinion, research, and informative pieces that:
 Use supporting claims and evidence that are based on credible texts and resources;
 Include an introduction that has an explanation of what follows;
 Develop topics through the use of facts, detailed quotations, and examples and subject specific terms and definitions;
 Include transitions that connect concepts and paragraphs;
 Include a conclusion that supports the presented idea(s);
 Maintain a formal “essay type” style; and
 Integrate other forms of media and formats, such as graphs, charts, headings, and audio or video when appropriate.
 Writes wellstructured narratives (both true and fiction) that include:
 A narrator, characters, and a point of view;
 Descriptive detail and sensory language to describe characters, settings, and experiences;
 Dialogue details and descriptions of characters, setting, and experiences;
 A clear structure with a logical order and flow, as shown through the use of transition words; and
 A conclusion that is connected to and builds on the narrative.
 Plans, revises, and edits writing, specifically with guidance from teachers and peers, focusing specifically on trying new approaches and making sure the writing has a purpose and appeals to its audience.
 Uses technology and the Internet to produce and publish writing.
 Works with others and cites sources.
 Works on multiple, short research projects that answer a specific question and cite multiple sources, while gathering additional questions for later research.
 Uses both print and digital resources to conduct research, focusing on using appropriate search terms and reliable sources.
 Uses quotes and a standard format for citation.
 Uses research to analyze and make inferences.
 Demonstrate oral language by presenting information effectively
8^{th} Grade
 Evaluates the evidence in texts to determine the strongest supports of an idea and analysis.
 Determines the main idea or theme of a text using evidence from the text to support it.
 Provides an objective summary of a text.
 Understands, summarizes, and tracks the progress of the main idea of a text, using evidence from the text.
 Analyzes how elements such as specific dialogue, events, or word usage impact the characters and the decisions they make and other events and actions in the text.
 Understands the use of language in a text, including figurative language, analogies, and allusions to other texts.
 Demonstrate an understanding of author’s craft (e.g, irony, foreshadowing, flashback, point of view, etc.
 Compares and contrasts the different structures of texts including the structures of paragraphs and sentences.
 Analyzes the difference between characters’ points of views and how these differences affect the text.
 Analyzes the pros and cons of using different forms of text and media to present a topic or idea.
 Compares a text to a film or play version of a text, paying specific attention to the way in which the film or play veers from the text.
 Analyzes how a modern text builds on or uses themes from other historical or older texts such as myths or the Bible.
 Analyzes texts which include conflicting information on the same topic and decipher when those are due to conflicting facts or interpretations.
 Writes arguments which present clear reasons and relevant evidence and include:
 Introductions;
 Acknowledgements of opposing claims;
 Logical and orderly presentations of reasons and evidence;
 Graphics, special formatting, and multimedia, when appropriate;
 Support of the claims through the use of evidence from credible sources;
 A concluding sentence or paragraph which supports the argument made; and
 A formal tone and style.
 Writes structured and wellorganized opinion, research, and informative pieces that:
 Use supporting claims and evidence that are based on credible texts and resources;
 Provide an introduction which includes an explanation of what follows;
 Develop topics through the use of facts, details, quotations, examples, and subjectspecific terms and definitions;
 Include transitions that connect concepts, events, and paragraphs;
 Include a conclusion that supports the presented idea(s);
 Maintain a formal “essay type” style; and
 Integrate other forms of media and formats such as graphs, charts, headings, and audio or video when appropriate.
 Writes wellstructured narratives (both true and fiction) that include:
 A narrator, characters, and a point of view;
 Descriptive detail and sensory language to describe characters, settings, and experiences;
 Dialogue, pacing, reflection, and details and descriptions of characters, setting, and experiences;
 Thoughtout word choice;
 A clear structure with a logical order and flow, as shown through the use of transition words and phrases and a logical sequence; and
 A conclusion that is connected to and builds on the narrative.
 Plans, revises, and edits writing, specifically with guidance from teachers and peers, focusing specifically on trying new approaches, and making sure the writing has a purpose and appeals to its audience.
 Uses technology and the Internet to produce and publish writing, work with others, and cite sources.
 Works on multiple, short research projects which answer a specific question and cite multiple sources, while gathering additional questions for later research.
 Uses both print and digital resources to conduct research, focusing on using appropriate search terms and reliable sources.
 Uses quotes and a standard format for citation.
 Uses research to analyze and make inferences.
 Understand conventions within language study: research, oral delivery, reference tools, parts of speech
 Demonstrate oral language by presenting information effectively
Math
6^{th} Grade
Suggested resources:
Mathematics I  Middle School – Student Edition
Mathematics I  Middle School – Teacher Edition
Plus:
Daily Math Skills Review  Middle School Edition Volume 1
Daily Math Skills Review  Middle School Edition Volume 2
For more advanced students:
Mathematics 2  Middle School – Student Edition
Mathematics 2  Middle School – Teacher Edition
 Divides fractions by fractions.
 Solves equations using ratios and rates or percentages.
 Solves equations with negative numbers.
 Multiplies and divides multidigit numbers.
 Finds common factors and multiples.
 Understands and talk about ratios using mathematical language. For example, the ratio of girls to boys in the class is 2:3.
 Solves algebraic equations with one variable and explains how these equations were solved.
 Solves geometry equations related to surface area, area, and volume as applied to realworld situations.
 Develops skills in statistical analysis and applies statistical concepts, including mean, median, variability, and range.
 Analyzes mathematical data, thinking about how data was collected and looking at patterns in the data, including clusters, peaks, gaps, and symmetry.
 Explains the process used and thinking behind how problems and equations are solved.
 NUMBER SENSE & OPERATIONS
 Represent very large positive numbers and very small positive numbers; Write numbers in expanded and exponential notation (e.g. powers of 10); Model, compare, order, and position integers (e.g. on a number line)
 Model computations with integers (e.g. number line, tiles)
 Solve problems involving ratios and proportions and computations with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and percents; Estimate and check the results of computations
 Apply Order of Operations; Apply number theory concepts (e.g. GCF, LCM, divisibility)
 PATTERNS, RELATIONS & ALGEBRA
 Analyze and determine rules for extending geometric and numeric patterns
 Use patterns and functions to solve problems; Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of variables, expressions, and equations
 Solve simple linear equations using concrete models, tables, graphs, and paperandpencil methods
 Create and interpret graphical sketches representing real events; Represent mathematical relationships with concrete materials, tables, graphs, and verbal rules
 GEOMETRY
 Identify, compare, describe, and classify polygons; Describe and perform transformations on shapes; Determine congruency; Draw shapes from different perspectives; Measure, describe, construct, and classify various angles and triangles
 Draw and describe the relationships among points, lines, segments, and planes; Graph points on the coordinate plane
 MEASUREMENT
 Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of radius, diameter, circumference, Pi and area of a circle
 Apply area, perimeter, and volume to the solution of problems; Find the areas of parallelograms and triangles
 Find the sum of angles in polygons
 Solve problems involving proportional relationships and units of measure (e.g. unit conversions, scale models, map scales).
 DATA ANALYSIS, PROBABILITY, & STATISTICS
 Collect, organize, display, and analyze data to solve problems; Construct and interpret tables, bar graphs, line graphs, line plots, and stem and leaf plots; Apply mean, mode, median, and range.
7^{th} Grade
Suggested resources:
Mathematics 2  Middle School – Student Edition
Mathematics 2  Middle School – Teacher Edition
Plus:
Daily Math Skills Review  Middle School Edition Volume 1 (If not completed in the 6th grade)
Daily Math Skills Review  Middle School Edition Volume 2 (If not completed in the 6th grade)
For more advanced students:
Mathematics 3  Middle School – Student Edition
Mathematics 3  Middle School – Teacher Edition
or if ready…
PreAlgebra  Middle School – Student Edition
PreAlgebra  Middle School – Teacher Edition
 Solves equations using percentages that pertain to reallife examples, such as discounts, taxes, interest, and tips.
 Graphs different proportions in order to compare them and analyze the steepness of the line that is graphed (which is referred to as the “slope”).
 Uses equations to show the relationship between proportions.
 Understands equations related to the distance between positive and negative numbers and negative and negative numbers.
 Understands that a positive and negative number can equal 0. For example, 2 + 2 = 0.
 Adds, subtracts, multiplies, and divides negative numbers.
 Analyzes scale drawings (drawings that represent reallife objects, such as cars or buildings and their measurements) in order to solve equations about them.
 Understands that an increase by 5 percent is the same thing as multiplying that number by 0.05.
 Solves multistep equations that include different forms of numbers, such as fractions, decimals, and percentages.
 Uses statistics specifically to understand and infer information about a group or sample as well as compare 2 different groups or samples.
 Graphs statistics and uses the graph to further analyze a group(s) or sample(s).
 Predicts the probability of something based on collected data.
 NUMBER SENSE & OPERATIONS
 Represent numbers in scientific notation
 Compare, order, estimate, and translate among integers, fractions, mixed numbers, decimals, and percents; Compute with fractions, decimals, percents, and integers
 Model and solve problems involving ratios and proportions
 Apply order of operations, including with exponents; Identify properties of operations; Use inverse relation ships to solve problems
 Apply number theory concepts (e.g. prime factorization, GCF, LCM)
 PATTERNS, RELATIONS & ALGEBRA
 Analyze and determine rules for extending geometric and numeric patterns
 Represent numeric and geometric patterns using models, tables, graphs, rules, and algebraic expressions and equations
 Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of a function; Use patterns and functions to represent and solve problems
 Write expressions and equations for problem situations; Evaluate and simplify variable expressions; Solve and graph simple equations and inequalities
 GEOMETRY
 Classify figures (e.g. polygons, circles); Apply properties of congruence and similarity
 Perform, and analyze the effect of, transformations on the coordinate plane; Draw figures from different perspectives
 Explain and apply Pi
 MEASUREMENT
 Find the area and perimeter (circumference) of polygons and circles; Find surface area and volume of common 3 dimensional figures
 Select, convert, and use appropriate units of measurement or scale; Apply rates and indirect measures
 DATA ANALYSIS, PROBABILITY, & STATISTICS
 Collect and organize data systematically; Represent data in line and bar graphs, stem and leaf plots, scatter plots, histograms, and circle graphs; Analyze data using mean, median, and mode
 Use tree diagrams and organized lists to compute probabilities.
8^{th} Grade
Suggested Resources:
Mathematics 3  Middle School – Student Edition
Mathematics 3  Middle School – Teacher Edition
(or)
PreAlgebra  Middle School – Student Edition
PreAlgebra  Middle School – Teacher Edition
For highly advanced students (if PreAlgebra has already been completed)
Algebra 1  Student Edition
Algebra 1  Teacher Edition
 Solves linear equations, which are equations that make a straight line when graphed and are expressed as y = mx + b.
 Uses linear expressions to compare data that has two variables.
 Compares the lines graphed by two linear expressions and determines whether they are parallel, intersect, or are the same.
 Understands that there are rational and irrational numbers.
 Solves equations with integers which are whole numbers, both positive and negative.
 Solves equations with radicals which are “roots,” such as square roots.
 Understands, compares and solves equations with functions which are usually expressed as f(n) and represent the relationships between an input and an output.
 Learns the concept of congruence (equal length) and similarity (when two objects have the same angles and are proportionate) through the use of models, transparencies, or software.
 Understands and solves equations using the Pythagorean Theorem: a^{2} +b^{2} = c^{2}
 Solves equations about the volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres specifically as applied in realworld ways.
 Provides the thinking behind and the reasoning for how problems are solved, and critiques others’ reasoning.
 NUMBER SENSE & OPERATIONS
 Define and apply common irrational numbers (e.g. Pi, Square root of 2); Apply powers and roots to the solution of problems
 Estimate and compute with fractions (algebraically), decimals, percents, and integers
 Solve problems involving ratios and proportions (e.g. unit rates, scale factors, rates of change)
 Identify properties of operations on integers and rational numbers (e.g. closure, associative, commutative, distributive, identity, inverse)
 PATTERNS, RELATIONS & ALGEBRA
 Represent and analyze a variety of numeric and geometric patterns; Use tables and graphs to compare linear and exponential growth patterns
 Write expressions and equations for problem situations; Evaluate and simplify algebraic expressions; Solve and graph linear equations and inequalities; Identify roles of variables in equations
 Identify slope and yintercept of a line from its equation, tables, and graph; Apply the concept of slope to the solution of problems; Explain how a change in one variable effects a change in another
 GEOMETRY
 Use technology and construction tools to formulate and test conjectures about 2 and 3dimensional figures and to make geometric constructions
 Explore and apply relationships found in right triangles; Apply Pythagorean Theorem;
 Analyze the effects of transformations on figures on the coordinate plane
 MEASUREMENT
 Apply formulas and procedures to problems involving perimeter, area, surface area, and volume
 Use ratio and proportion to solve measurement problems (e.g. indirect measures, similar plane figures)
 DATA ANALYSIS, PROBABILITY, & STATISTICS
 Collect and organize data; Represent data in tables, charts, scatter plots, Venn Diagrams, histograms, circle graphs and box plots; Make inferences and draw conclusions; Identify most appropriate measure of central tendency
 Compute permutations and combinations; Use tree diagrams, tables, lists, and area models to describe sample spaces and to calculate probabilities of independent and dependent events
Science
Suggested Resources:
Natural Science: Physics & Earth Science – Grade 7 (Student Edition)
Natural Science: Physics & Earth Science – Grade 7 (Teacher’s Edition)
Natural Science: Biology & Chemistry – Grade 7 (Student Edition)
Natural Science: Biology & Chemistry – Grade 7 (Teacher’s Edition)
Natural Science: Physics & Earth Science – Grade 8 (Student Edition)
Natural Science: Physics & Earth Science – Grade 8 (Teacher’s Edition)
Natural Science: Biology & Chemistry – Grade 8 (Student Edition)
Natural Science: Biology & Chemistry – Grade 8 (Teacher’s Edition)
6^{th} Grade – 8^{th} Grades (Generalized Concepts)
 Plans and conducts investigations and experiments.
 Applies the scientific method in order to practice like a scientist:
 Observes and researches.
 Develops a hypothesis (based on observations and research).
 Make predictions.
 Experiments and follows multistep processes and instructions in order to conduct experiments.
 Develops a conclusion.
 Compares the results of an experiment to what is written about the topic in a text.
 Analyzes and interprets data.
 Uses measurement and mathematical computations while working with data.
 Develops and presents explanations for processes and practices used and results obtained.
 Determines the main ideas of a scientific text and sites specific evidence to support ideas and claims about scientific texts.
 Learns topic specific science vocabulary.
 Analyzes relevant charts, diagrams, and graphs about a scientific topic.
Below are ‘suggested’ grade level topics for each major Science category:
6^{th} Grade
 EARTH SCIENCE:
 Recognize, interpret, and create models of earth’s physical features in maps.
 Understand occurrences of earthquakes and volcanoes.
 Distinguish between erosion and decomposition.
 Describe glacial impact on land.
 Identify the phases of the moon; describe lunar/solar eclipses; explain the causes of night/day and seasons.
 Describe the formation of mountains, plains, and plateaus and identify them on topographic maps
 Describe how water moves through the hydrologic cycle in the air and ground
 Compare the change in earth’s surface through erosion and glaciation
 Explain how heat movement in the earth generates earth quakes and volcanoes
 Compare the movement of waves through space, air, water, and land
 LIFE SCIENCE:
 Classify organisms into kingdoms; classify organisms according to cell composition; identify the levels of organization in life forms; classify plants/animals.
 Explore the digestive system of animals
 Give examples of ways organisms interact and have distinct functions within ecosystems; identify ways ecosystems have changed over time
 Describe a food chain and roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers.
 Describe the process of photosynthesis.
 PHYSICAL SCIENCE:
 Differentiate between weight/mass and volume/mass; define density; understand accuracy, precision, sensitivity of measuring tools; use scientific notation.
 Compare and contrast physical properties of metals, non metals, and metalloids.
 ENGINEERING/TECHNOLOGY
 Identify materials used to accomplish a task based on a specific property (e.g. rocks and minerals—building and electronics).
 Identify appropriate units and tools to construct a give prototype; identify design features.
 Compare and contrast simple and complex machines.
7^{th} Grade
 EARTH SCIENCE:

 Explain how earthquakes and volcanoes result from the buildup of pressure inside Earth
 Compare and contrast earthquake faults and seismic waves
 Describe several ways minerals are formed
 Explain how rocks change using the rock cycle diagram Identify the three types of rocks
 Perform mineral tests and identify minerals by hardness, color, streak, cleavage, and fracture
 floor and shore zones
 Compare and contrast three different fossil fuels in terms of source, use and their environmental effects
 Classify energy resources as either renewable or nonrenewable
 Describe the composition and structure of Earth’s atmosphere.
 LIFE SCIENCE:
 Classify organisms into kingdoms; classify organisms according to cell composition; identify the levels of organization in life forms; classify plants/animals.
 Explore the digestive system of animals
 Give examples of ways organisms interact and have distinct functions within ecosystems; identify ways ecosystems have changed over time
 Describe a food chain and roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers.
 Describe the process of photosynthesis.
 Describe the parts and function of the nervous system and the endocrine system
 Describe the structure and function of the human respiratory system
 Explain cellular respiration and its relationship to gas exchange in your body
 Identify the parts and functions of a typical cell
 Compare and contrast plant and animal cells
 Describe the function of the cell membrane. Compare and contrast osmosis and diffusion
 Identify levels of organization in lifeforms from cell to tissue, organ, organ system, organism
 Describe the path of blood through the heart, lungs, and body
 Compare and contrast the circulatory systems of fish, birds, amphibians, and mammals
 Compare and contrast types of bones, muscles, joints, ligaments and cartilage and their movements
 PHYSICAL SCIENCE:
 Describe the relationships between force, mass, and acceleration using Newton’s Laws
 Demonstrate Archimedes’ Principle related to buoyancy of objects in a liquid
 Explain how work can produce kinetic energy, potential energy, and thermal energy
 Describe and apply the Law of Conservation of Energy
 Trace the source of the energy that runs appliances
 Identify the six types of simple machines and calculate their mechanical advantage
 Describe the difference between temperature and heat. Give examples of conduction, convection and radiation
 Describe the physical properties metals, nonmetals, and metalloids
 Compare the relationships involving changes in pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas
 Identify and describe several chemical reactions
 Describe the difference between reactants and products, energy and catalyst in a chemical reaction
 ENGINEERING/TECHNOLOGY
 Identify materials used to accomplish a task based on a specific property (e.g. rocks and minerals—building and electronics).
 Identify appropriate units and tools to construct a give prototype; identify design features.
 Compare and contrast simple and complex machines.
8^{th} Grade
 EARTH SCIENCE:
 Explain the role of water vapor in the atmosphere and how it affects weather
 Explain why high & low pressure systems usually bring clear & cloudy weather respectively
 Describe the movement of ocean waves, currents and the cause of tides
 Describe the origin of ocean water and explain why the salinity of the ocean does not change
 Describe evidence used to support the hypothesis of continental drift
 Relate the occurrences of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics
 Explain the conditions necessary for fossils to form and methods used to date rock layers
 Explain one hypothesis of how the solar system formed
 Differentiate between comets, asteroids, and meteors
 Explain the process by which a star produces energy and its brightness, color and temperature
 Describe a galaxy and list three main types of galaxies
 LIFE SCIENCE:
 Describe ways in which organisms are adapted to life in intertidal zones
 Identify different types of nutrients and describe the importance of each in your diet
 Describe what happens to food as it passes through each organ of the digestive system
 Describe plasma, red and white blood cells, and hemoglobin in the blood and explain their functions
 Explain the natural defenses your body has against disease
 Describe the process of meiosis and contrast chromosome number in body cells and sex cells
 Compare and contrast reproduction in plants and animals
 PHYSICAL SCIENCE:
 Distinguish electrical conductors from insulators
 Control the amount of current in a circuit and list the variables that determine electrical resistance
 Make an electromagnet and demonstrate its magnetic effects
 Explain how loudspeakers and electric motors work
 Compare and contrast the characteristics of waves in various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum
 Describe how various observations of color and light can be explained by the wave model
 Relate the contributions of Thomson, Rutherford and others to the study of the structure of the atom
 Trace the development of the model of the atom and its parts
 Describe the arrangement of the elements in the periodic table. Identify where metals, nonmetals, and metalloids are located on the periodic table
 Describe ionic and covalent bonds
 Explain how to determine oxidation numbers. Write formulas for compounds from their names
 Demonstrate how to write a balanced chemical equation
 Describe four types of chemical reactions, using their general formulas
 Discuss melting and boiling in terms of kinetic theory
 Describe the states of matter in terms of kinetic theory
 Describe and draw the structure of an alcohol, a carboxylic acid, and an amine
 Compare and contrast proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids and polymers
 Compare and contrast a nuclear Fission and Fusion reaction
Social Studies / History
6^{th} – 8^{th} Grade (All combined and major topics can be covered in any order)
 Reads primary and secondary sources in order to:
 – Analyze the texts using evidence.
 – Understand the main ideas of the text.
 – Relate the texts to important historical events or concepts.
 Uses technology and media to better understand concepts taught.
 Compares primary and secondary sources about the same topic.
 Learns about historical events within a context and as related to things such as geography, economy, and social and political factors.
 Learns about topics, including ancient and global civilizations, gaining a deeper understanding of history and the present global community.
 Apply their knowledge of geographic features as related to historical and modern map
 Connect present day nations with ancient civilizations
 Construct and interpret timelines and use vocabulary associated with the calculation of time
 Explain the development of the world’s first civilizations, the role of the geographic features and the importance of the polytheistic religious beliefs in the river valley civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt
 Identify the origins, central teachings and legacies of the monotheistic religions of Judaism and Christianity
 Summarize the role of trade and commerce between ancient civilizations and how trade helped spread knowledge and forced the development of writing systems and currency
 Identify the Mediterranean Sea area and key ports
 Explain the development and expansion of the classical civilizations of Ancient Greece and Rome
 Compare and contrast Greek and Roman culture (government, religion, art, trade, learning, and education) and their impact on the modern world
 Describe and compare the accomplishments of historical figures throughout the ancient world
 List the legacies of each ancient civilization and their importance of those contributions to other civilizations throughout time
 Learns World History (primary from 6001750) focusing on Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome and the Middle Ages.
 Learn Geography of North America: Regions, Physical Processes, Climate, Weather, Vegetation Zones, Land and Water resources
 Explains how the U.S. plays a role in the global society
 Learns about the economy of Latin America and Cuba
 Knows physical geography of Europe (Modern Europe), South America, Asia, Australia and Africa
 Compare and Contrasts economies between several countries within Europe, South America, Asia and Africa
 Compare and contrast international organizations
 Describe global economic issues using appropriate economic terminology
 Explain why trade occurs and how historical patterns of trade have contributed to global interdependence.
 Evaluate and discuss the world’s response to global issues.
 Explain why people institute governments, how they influence governments, and how governments interact with each other.
 Study (in depth) U.S. History – Colonies, Revolution, Forming a Republic, Expansion of the New Nation, Civil War, Reconstruction through today.
 Explain how the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, including the Bill of Rights, and the Northwest Ordinance have provided for the protection of rights and the longterm future of a growing democracy.
 Understand and explain Constitutional issues, Checks & Balances
 Identify historical origins that influenced the rights U.S. citizens have today.
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