What should you teach in 4th and 5th Grades?
Below you’ll find the Skills and Concepts typically covered for these grades PLUS Curriculum Top Picks!
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4th5th Grades
English Language Arts 

Written Language  
Key Idea: Know and apply gradelevel phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words  
(Grades 4 & 5) Phonics and Word Recognition a. Use combined knowledge of all lettersound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context 

Key Idea: Demonstrate automaticity on grade level text  
(Grades 4 & 5) Fluency a. Read gradelevel text with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension b. Read gradelevel text across genres orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings c. Use context to confirm or selfcorrect word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary 

Key Idea: Demonstrate vocabulary acquisition and usage  
(Grades 4 & 5) Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiplemeaning words and phrases, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies a. Use context (e.g., definitions, examples, cause/effect relationahips, restatements, and comparisons in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase b. Use common, gradeappropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., telegraph, photograph, autograph) c. Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses) to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases 

Key Idea: Demonstrate vocabulary acquisition and usage  
(Grade 4) Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings a. Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors in context b. Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs c. Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their antonyms and synonyms (Grade 5) Acquire and accurately use general academic and contentspecific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition) 

Key Idea: Demonstrate command of the conventions of academic English grammar and usage when writing and speaking  
(Grade 4) Core Convention Skills a. Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general as well as in particular sentences b. Use verb tense to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions c. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense d. Ensure subjectverb and pronounantecedent agreement e. Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and runons f. Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to, too, two; there, their) (Grade 5) All of the above plus, use and identify prepositional phrases 

Key Idea: Demonstrate command of the conventions of academic English, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing  
(Grade 4) Core Punctuation and Spelling Skills a. Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue b. Use commas and quotation marks to show direct speech and quotations from a text c. Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence d. Use conventional spelling for highfrequency and other studied words and to add suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness) e. Use spelling patterns, rules, and generalizations (e.g., word families, positionbased spellings, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts) in writing words (Grade 5) All of the above plus use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence 


CURRICULUM TOP PICKS
(All resources are FREE to ALLACCESS members  NonMembers pay listed prices)
Posters and Classroom Helps:
Suggested Reading List by Level
80 Graphic Organizers  All Subjects
Story Elements Poster
Reading Strategy Posters  Set of 8
Conjunctions Bundle  4 Grammar Posters
Grammar QUICK Reference Chart (Color Version)
Pronoun Posters
Noun Classroom Poster Set
42 Grammar Posters! (Sentence Type, Capitalization, Punctuation)
Syllabication Rule Posters
Classroom Poster  Writing – Using Descriptive Words
Great Texts from the Past
Pollard’s Advanced Speller
McGuffeys Forth Eclectic Reader
McGuffeys Fifth Eclectic Reader
Reading, Comprehension, Vocabulary, Spelling
Making Predictions  Reading Worksheet
Cause and Effect  Reading Comprehension
Author’s Purpose
Determining Author’s Purpose Worksheet  P.I.E.
Compare and Contrast
Generic Vocabulary Terms – Definitions Worksheet
Vocabulary Word Maps for Word Study
Latin Word Roots  Reference
Syllables  A Language Arts Game for 4th6th Grades
4th Grade Reading Vocabulary  1st Semester
Spelling Curriculum for 4th Grade
Spelling Curriculum for 5th Grade
(The below can be used to help practice and demonstrate comprehension)
Lincoln Informational Text BUNDLE  3rd4th Grades
Landforms  Informational Text
American Crocodile  Informational Text and Puzzle
Endangered Animals  Informational Text
Jumanji Book Unit
Saint George and the Dragon  Caldecott Book Guided Reading and Response
Johnny Appleseed Book Unit
The Whipping Boy (1987) Book Unit
On the Banks of Plum Creek Book Literature Unit  Laura Ingalls Wilder
The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses  Caldecott Guided Reading and Activities
Sarah, Plain and Tall (1986) Book Unit
Grandfather’s Journey  Caldecott Book Guided Reading Activities
The Long Winter Book Literature Unit  Laura Ingalls Wilder
Number the Stars Book Activities
The Giver (1994) Book Unit
Grammar, Writing and Communication
Sentence Types  Learning, Practicing, Testing
Grammar Review 1  Parts of Speech
Grammar Review 2  Rules and More
Learning about Alliterations
Language Arts Fun – Similes, Alliteration, Fact or Opinion, Acrostic Poetry
Conjunctions Bundle
Let’s Learn Conjunctions  Grammar Unit
Daily Writing Prompt Journal – ONE YEAR BUNDLE
Guided Note Taking
Writing with a Purpose Assignment
Research Notecards
Newspaper Templates for Expository Writing
Fall Chaos  Creative Writing Activity
The Writer’s Station – Inspiring Writing Center
Pumpkin Poetry – Fall Creative Writing
Autumn Leaves CrossCurricular Publishing Materials
Thanksgiving Grammar & Creative Writing Activities for November
Haiku Poetry Unit  Spring
Search ALL AVAILABLE Resources for 4th5th Grades here.
Math 
Geometry 
(Grade 4) a. Draw and identify points, lines, segments, rays, angles, and perpendicular and parallel lines in 2dimensional figures b. Classify twodimensional figures based on lines, and angles, including recognizing right triangles c, Recognize and draw lines of symmetry in twodimensional figures d. Calculate area and perimeter for rectangles in word problems or realworld scenarios e. Recognize angles as geometric shapes formed by two rays and concepts of measuring angles (an angle is measured with reference to a circle with its center at the end point and considering the arc between the points where they intersect) f. Measure angles using a protractor with wholenumber degrees, recognize angles as additive (Grade 5) Classify and organize twodimensional figures into Venn diagrams based on attributes 
Fractions and Decimals 
(Grade 4) a. Use the four operations to solve word problems involving simple fractions and decimals b. Make a line plot to display fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8) and solve addition and subtraction equations c. Compare decimals to hundredths and fractions using <, >, and =, recognizing comparisons are only valid when referring to the same whole d. Compare fractions with different denominators and numerators by creating common denominators. Recognize comparisons are only valid when the fractions refer to the same whole e. Decompose fractions into a sum with the same denominator (3/8 = 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8) f. Convert fractions to decimals with denominators of 10 or 100 (0.62 = 62/100) (Grade 5) a. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to the hundredths b. Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators by replacing with common denominators c. Solve word problems with addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including unlike denominators d. Interpret a fraction as a division of the numerator by the denominator. Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers e. Multiply and divide fractions and whole numbers with fractions f. Recognize the scaling of multiplication as it relates to fractions; when multiplying a given number by a fraction larger than one, the product will be greater than the given number and when multiplying by a fraction smaller than one, the product will be smaller g. Solve realworld and word problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers 
Measurement 
(Grade 4) a. Recognize units of measurement including: km, m, cm, kg, g, lb, oz, l, ml, hr, min, sec b. Within a single system of measurement, recognize conversions using multiplication and ability to create a 2column chart expressing two equivalencies (foottoinch) b. Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, time, and money. (Grade 5) a. Convert measurement units within a given measurement system and use these conversations in multistep problems b. Make a line plot displaying a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems using this information. c. Understand volume as an attribute of solid figures and understand concepts of volume measurement in standard and nonstandard units d. Relate volume to the operations of multiplication and addition to solve realworld mathematical problems involving volume. Use the formulas V = L x W x H and V = B x H for rectangular prisms. Recognize volume as additive with solid, nonoverlapping figures 
Place Value / Number Fluency 
(Grade 4) a. Compare multidigit numbers using <, >, and = b. Use place value understanding to round multidigit whole numbers c. Generate number or shape patterns that follow rules, such as the rule “add 3” will result in alternating even and odd numbers. Explain informally why this is so. (Grade 5) a. Recognize in a multidigit number, a digit in the one place represents 10 times as much as in the place to its right and 1/10 of the place to its left b. Use whole number exponents to denote powers of 10. Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10 and patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. c. Read, write, and compare decimals to thousandths, including the use of symbols <, >, = d. Use place value to round decimals to any place e. Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. For example, given the rule “Add 3” and the starting number 0, and given the rule “Add 6” and the starting number 0, generate terms in the resulting sequences, and observe that the terms in one sequence are twice the corresponding terms in the other sequence. Explain informally why this is so. 
Equations 
(Grade 4) a. Fluently add and subtract multidigit whole numbers b. Multiply or divide a whole number up to four digits by a onedigit number and multiply two twodigit numbers c. Solve equations and word problems involving multiplication of a fraction by a whole number d. Addition and subtraction of fractions with a common denominator, including creating common denominators e. Solve multistep word problems with whole numbers and whole number answers using the four operations, including representation of the unknown variable using a letter f. Selfcorrect or assess the answers found when solving equations by using mental computation or estimation strategies, such as rounding g. Determine whether an equation is true or false and find the unknown number in an equation by using comparative relational thinking (without adding 60 + 24, determine whether 60 + 24 = 57 + 27) h. Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range of 1100 and recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors i. Determine whether a given whole number from 1100 is prime or composite (Grade 5) a. Fluently multiply multidigit whole numbers b. Find whole number quotients of whole numbers of up to fourdigit dividends and twodigit divisors c. Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions 
Graphing 
(Grade 5) a. Understand how to identify and place coordinates on an X/Y grid 
Curriculum Top Picks:
(All resources are FREE to ALLACCESS members  NonMembers pay listed prices)
Posters and Classroom Helps:
Math Glossary
Math Vocabulary Posters
Fraction Circles
Types of Angles – Classroom Poster Set
Place Value Reference Posters
Geometry – 3 Classroom Posters
Factors, Multiplication and Division
Identifying Factors  Growth Mindset Quotes included
Math  Factors and Multiples
Factoring
Multiplication Card Game – Stomped  Facts 012
Multiplication  Single digit x Double digit
Multiplication  Double digit x Double digit
Multiplication – 3 Digit x 1 Digit – Practice
Multiplication  Triple Digit
Division  23 digit Dividends – 1 digit Divisors
Division with Remainders
Division Word Problems
Fractions, Decimals, Percents:
Understanding Fractions – Decimals – Percents
Adding Fractions  Like Denominators
Equivalent Fractions  4th Grade
Multiplying Fractions
Multiplying Fractions by a Whole Number
Multiplying Fractions with Visual Models
Multiplying Fractions with Visual Models 2
Multiplying Fractions Word Problems
Dividing Fractions
PreAlgebra BUNDLE  Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Decimal Bundle  4th5th Grade Math
Variables
Solving OneStep OneVariable Equations  Algebra Worksheets
Search ALL AVAILABLE Resources for 4th5th Grades here.
ScienceThese concepts are not divided into Grade 4 and Grade 5. You are encouraged to teach as you feel led by child interest 
Experimentation 
Conducts experiments using the scientific method: 1. Observes and Researches – Develops further questions to research and create new experiments based on previously done experiments and previously realized conclusions. 
Classification 
– Can classify organisms into kingdoms; classify plants and animals according to physical characteristics. – Classify minerals by their physical properties. – Identify the three categories of rocks; explain how rocks are formed and change over time. 
Weather 
– Water Cycle: Can describe the water cycle. – Describe ways in which soil is formed; identify different properties of soil. – Describe changes in the earth’s surface due to weathering, erosion, volcanoes, earthquakes, etc. – Differentiate between the sun, stars, and planets; identify and describe constellations, comets, and meteors; under stand the effect of earth’s rotation and revolution on the position and movement of stars. 
Life 
– Understand what an ecosystem is; describe relationships within an ecosystem. – Explains photosynthesis. – Describes the food chain – Can give examples of inherited characteristics that may change as adaptations to changes in the environment enable organisms to survive – Can describe instinctive and learned behaviors of animals. 
Matter 
– Can identify the states of matter – Compare and contrast solids, liquids, and gases based on their properties. 
Energy and Machines 
– Light: Identify and describe light and sound as basic forms of energy; describe light and its properties; identify sources and causes of light – Sound: Describe sound and its properties; relate vibration to pitch. – Identifies magnetism and electricity as basic forms of energy. Can describe the properties of magnets and magnetic fields; classify objects as attracted by or not attracted by magnets. – Compare and contrast simple and complex machines. – Can identify the parts of an electrical circuit; make and test a parallel and series circuit; classify materials as conductors or insulators. 
Curriculum Top Picks:
(All resources are FREE to ALLACCESS members  NonMembers pay listed prices)
Guided Note Taking
Scientific Method  Checklist and Vocabulary
Science Lab Observation Worksheet  Elementary
Science Lab  Using a Compound Microscope
101 Science Experiments
7 Fun Electricity Experiments
Edison Inspired Experiments  Projects
Fun Experiments inspired by Benjamin Franklin
Matter Article and Worksheet
A Study of the Earth – Natural Resources
Earth’s Layers – Geology Nomenclature Cards
Biome Study  Temperature Comparison
Parts of a Volcano – Geology Nomenclature Cards
Learning the Parts of a Volcano
Volcanoes  Interactive Science Notebook Project
Make your own Volcano! Activity
Forces & Motion – Informational Text, Worksheet & Crossword
Science MiniLessons: Magnetism
Weather Vocabulary  3rd5th
Winter Weather Unit – Forms of Precipitation
Planet Posters  Solar System
Solar System Info Graphic
Planets of our Solar System Informational Text
Solar System Posters and Worksheets
Constellations in the Winter Sky – Northern Hemisphere
Constellation Flashcards
Constellation Quizzes
Reptile and Amphibian Classification Activities
Insects – Spiders – Creepy Crawlies  Woodland Pictorial Key
Mammals Research and Report Activity  Placentals
Mammals Research and Report Activity  Monotremes  Egg Laying
Mammals Research and Report Activity  Marsupials  Pouch Carriers
Natatorial Mammals  Swimming Animals  Science Research and Report
Saltatorial Mammals  Jumping or Leaping  Science Research and Report
Fossorial Mammals  Ground Dwelling  Science Research and Report
Arboreal Mammals  Tree Dwelling Animals  Science Research and Report
Flying Mammals  Science Research and Report Activity
Endangered Animals  Informational Text
Ants  Handson Insect Science
Insect Note Cards
Rock Chart
Rock Identification Booklet
Botany – Plants  Interactive Learning
Photosynthesis Posters
Photosynthesis in Plants – Posters
Photosynthesis  Food Factory in the Forest  Crosscurricular
Search ALL AVAILABLE Resources for 4th5th Grades here.
Social Studies 
Skills and Concepts for Social Studies are based on ten themes. These themes are built upon throughout a student’s K12 educational experience. These themes are: 1. Culture These ten themes should be incorporated progressively but can be taught in ways that include student interest and through the study of differing towns, cities, states, and nations. If you are in the U.S., typically a study of your state is highly encouraged and/or required in the 4th or 5th grades. Also, basic U.S. History is introduced in greater detail, including the government (three branches, Declaration of Indepenence and the U.S. Constitution). European influences and global trade will be discussed along with basic economic priciples. Below you’ll find a list of “process and skills” that should be covered in 4th5th grades:

Reading and Communication 
a. Use appropriate strategies to read and interpret basic social science tables, graphs, graphics, maps, and texts. 
Inquiry, Reearch and Analysis 
a. Use compelling and supporting questions to investigate social studies problems. b. Differentiate between compelling questions and supporting questions. c. Use supporting questions to help answer compelling social studies questions. d. Know how to find relevant evidence from a variety of sources. e. Use data presented in social science tables, graphs, graphics, maps, and texts to answer compelling and supporting questions. 
Public Discourse and Decision Making 
a. State an issue as a question of public policy and discuss possible solutions from different perspectives. b. Apply Democratic Values or Constitutional Principles to support a position on an issue. c. Construct an argument and justify a decision supported with evidence. d. Explain the challenges people have faced and actions they have taken to address issues at different times and places. 
Civic Participation 
a. Act out of the rule of law and hold others to the same standard. b. Assess options for individuals and groups to plan and conduct activities intended to advance views on matters of public policy. c. Explain different strategies students and others could take to address problems and predict possible results. d. Use democratic procedures to make decisions on civic issues in the school or classroom. 
Curriculum Top Picks:
(All resources are FREE to ALLACCESS members  NonMembers pay listed prices)
General Geography:
5 Themes of Geography BUNDLE
U.S. Geography Focused Resources:
5 Themes of Geography BUNDLE
50 U.S. States  Interactive Social Studies
U.S. 50 States Quick Reference
Regions of the U.S. – Northeast Region  Informational Text and Worksheets
US Geography – Northeast Scrapbooking Pages
Regions of the U.S. – Midwest Region – Informational Text and Worksheets
US Geography – Midwest Scrapbooking Pages
Regions of the U.S. – South Region – Informational Text and Worksheets
US Geography – South Scrapbooking Pages
Regions of the U.S. – West Region – Informational Text and Worksheets
US Geography – West Scrapbooking Pages
State Quick Maps  Outline Maps
US State Capitals – Crossword Puzzles
Learning about the U.S.A. – State Maps (Outline – Capitals – Major Cities)
State Bird Notebooking Mega BUNDLE
Map Skills  Louisiana
Unit Based World Studies
Geography – Country Studies  Lapbooking
Lakes of the World  5th Grade
Learning about the Maya, Aztec and Inca Civilizations  5th Grade
Geography Notebooking  South American Bundle (for more advanced students)
Geography Notebooking  Western Europe Bundle (for more advanced students)
Civic Responsibility and U.S. Government
U.S. Elections: A StudentCentered ProjectBased Unit for 4th6th Grades
U.S. Elections – Classroom Poster Set
Candidate Analysis – Comparing Candidates Election Activity (For more advanced students)
U.S. Elections  3 Informational Articles and Worksheets (For more advanced students)
Electoral College  Informational Text (For more advanced students)
Counting the Votes – An Electoral College Assignment (For more advanced students)
Declaration of Independence  American History  Copy Work
US Presidents Fact Cards
U.S. Landmarks  Washington Space Needle
U.S. State Flags Coloring Book
Suggested resources to use for research skills:
Research Notecards
* A Day in History Series *
Susan B Anthony – Biographical Research & Notebooking
10 Famous African Americans Notebooking Unit
Abraham Lincoln  History Project
Rosa Parks Notebooking pages
Dred Scott Notebooking pages
Margaret Brent Notebooking pages
Anne Bradstreet Notebooking pages
North American Birds of Prey Research / Report Pages